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Somaliland Fauna & Flora

Somaliland Fauna Flora

Somaliland Fauna Flora : Somaliland is home to a diverse variety of flora and fauna, from acacia trees, to birds, primates, large cats, and reptiles large and small. Speckled pigeon, bee-eater, and sparrows are common birds found everywhere in Somaliland.


Cactus flower, captured near the village outside the city of Hargeisa – Somaliland Fauna Flora


Delonix regia flower near the village outside the city of Hargeisa – Somaliland Fauna Flora

Vegetation in Somalia consists chiefly of coarse grass, thorn bushes and acacia trees, which can tolerate the harsh climate. Trees producing the resins frankincense and myrrh are indigenous to Somalia, and are found on the northern mountain slopes. Trees in the south include eucalyptus, mahogany, and euphoria trees.


Honey beetle on the acacia flower, Hargeisa – Somaliland Fauna Flora


Neem Seeds on neem tree, Hargeisa – Somaliland Fauna Flora

Republic of Somaliland

Somaliland is a self-declared state, internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia, in Horn of Africa. Somaliland officially known as Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland (Republic of Somali land), and the rest of the world considered the state as a part of Somalia.


Red eyed pigeon, a most common bird in Somaliland

Somali land lies in the north west region of Somalia, on the southern coast of Gulf of Aden. Hargeisa. (Hargeysa) the biggest city is the capital of Republic of Somali land.


Desert tortoise, near the countryside of the Berbera – Somaliland

Somaliland History

Somali land was known as British Somali land and ruled by British government until 1960. British Somali land protectorate briefly obtained independence as the State of Somali land on 26th June of 1960.

The government of the briefly independent State of Somali land, united as scheduled on 1 July 1960 with the Trust Territory of Italian Somali land to form the Somali Republic.


Red throated sparrow, a snap from Burao – Somaliland


Black headed weaver bird on the beaches of a tree, Hargeisa – Somaliland

Since 18th May of 1991, after the Somali civil war, Somaliland has been governed by democratically elected governments that seek international recognition as the Government of the Republic of Somali land. But, Somaliland’s self-proclaimed independence remains unrecognized by rest of the world and United Nation.


Birds nest on the branch of an acacia tree, Hargeisa – Somaliland


Full of bird’s nest on the branch of a tree, Hargeisa – Somaliland


Hargeisa is the capital city of Republic of Somali land, in Horn of African region. Hargeisa is the largest city of Somali land.  Hargeisa is situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of Somali land.


Delonix regia flower tree with flowers near the village outside the city of Hargeisa – Somaliland


Coconut tree grown in the garden of a hotel in Burao – Somaliland

One third of the total population in Somali land is living Hargeisa. Hargeisa International Airport (Egal International Airport), the major Airport of Somali land is situated in Hargeisa City.


One of the gerenuk deer living in a restaurant, Hergeisa – Somaliland


The Somali sheep or the Berbera blackhead, reared for meat, Somaliland


Thorns used in the traditional Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) ceremony


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